23.06

Potassium Dynamics in Vegetables >>

Potassium Dynamics in Vegetables As growers, understanding potassium as a key nutrient for plant health... View Article

Potassium Dynamics in Vegetables

As growers, understanding potassium as a key nutrient for plant health and fruit quality is critical for maximizing vegetable crop success. Potassium is associated with the movement of water, nutrients, and carbohydrates in plant tissue. It’s involved with enzyme activation within the plant, which affects protein and starch production. Potassium also helps regulate the opening and closing of the stomata, which regulates the exchange of water vapor, oxygen and carbon dioxide. Potassium has a well-researched role in plants’ resistance to biotic (disease) and abiotic stresses (temperature, water, drought). If K is deficient or not supplied in adequate amounts, plant growth will be stunted, and yields will be negatively impacted. Common K deficiencies can result in fruit quality issues such as yellow shoulders and gray wall in tomatoes.

Potassium Deficiency in Tomatoes

Most growers are putting anywhere from 200-400 lbs of potassium in the pre-plant bedded fertilizer blend. However, given soil conditions, upfront granular fertilization is frequently not enough to maintain adequate fruit and tissue levels throughout the season. Uptake of soil potassium (K+) can be negatively affected by other cations in the soil. Calcium (Ca+2) and magnesium (Mg+2) are the main cations that compete with potassium on the exchange sites of the soil. If there is an excessive amount in the soil solution, potassium uptake will be reduced.

Fertigation and Foliar Potassium

The plant itself has incredible K demands during reproduction. Trials have shown potassium amounts in one tomato fruit can increase 4x in a 4-week period and at the same time, the plant multiplies the fruit per plant by 5x. This is where fertigation and foliar potassium can be used as tools to supplement during times of peak demand. It is important to take into account irrigation water pH can inhibit potassium uptake. Many growers irrigate from sources that have high pH and alkalinity. Tomatoes and peppers pull in the most nutrients at a soil pH of 6.2-6.5. If irrigation water is much higher than that, acidification measures should be taken (remember pH is a log scale and a 1-point difference is a 10x factor).

To help keep up with demand, we recommend drip applying KSC 8-16-42 at increasing rates depending on leaf tissue samples. KSC is a low EC water-soluble fertilizer that contains our patented Phytactyl Complex to improve nutrient uptake. In tomatoes and peppers, we want potassium levels to be above 3% to produce the best quality fruit and maintain new blossom sets. Corresponding Calcium levels should run around 3% with Magnesium at 0.8-1%.

Our years of experience working with growers’ leaf tissue tests have shown that potassium can be stored in the plant early before times of high demand. Potassium is a highly mobile nutrient.  Therefore, it can be stored in the lower leaves and then translocated. Cloudy weather and dry soil conditions can reduce nutrient transport in the plant. Foliar applications of potassium can help during these stressful periods. Fertileader Elite can be used as a tool because it contains the Seactiv complex that aids in stress reduction and increases nutrient translocation in the plant. It contains K, Ca, and B. Understanding and planning for the crops’ nutritional needs, utilizing the right tools, and starting your potassium strategy early will help you stay ahead of the immense potassium demand.

Author: Jordan Martin – Regional Sales Manager

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15.06

Stress impacts soybean plant growth and yield >>

Stress impacts soybean plant growth and yield Much of our research focus on soybeans has... View Article

Stress impacts soybean plant growth and yield

Much of our research focus on soybeans has centered on the benefits of properly timed foliar nutrition and new technology to manage weather stress. Seasonal weather events can have large impacts on canopy development, branching, crop water usage, flower abortion, pod fill, management of heat and final yield. With the large yield improvements due to genetics and resistance, the next big opportunity is to harness all that potential by helping the plant to cope with yield limiting stress.

“Seed fill stage is the most critical time during the soybean’s plant life cycle. Any kind of stress during this time can have significant impacts on crop yield. Taking the opportunity at R1-3 with a foliar technology can assist the plant in seed development during this critical stage and results in very high product returns.” Alexander Duffy, National Product Manager.

Timac Agro USA specializes in the creation of high efficiency fertilizer technologies. With over 60 years of research and development and our Global Innovation Center (CMI), we are uniquely positioned to solve real world problems. We would like to introduce you to our Fertileader technology platform. Fertileader seeks to work with the plant to address late season fertility and abiotic stresses. It combines the Seactiv complex with common nutrients to help with abiotic stresses, i.e. heat stress, drought stress and increase late season root growth.

Fertileader Results on Drought and Heat Stress

In a study conducted by a research organization in central Ohio, Fertileader Gold was applied at 1 qt/ac at R1 to help improve pod set and manage drought and heat stress during the summer. Several evaluations were conducted to test the products efficacy; including NDVI, canopy measurements as well as yield. The results demonstrated improvement in photosynthesis during heat and drought, improved canopy and 7 bu/ac yield increase over the control.

Late season intervention with the right technology, had big impacts on yields. Whether conditions are “ideal” or not, planning to overcome potential environmental challenges with technology can result in higher yields and better ROI.

CLICK HERE TO TALK TO A TIMAC AGRO EXPERT

01.06

Seactiv Complex: the power behind Fertileader >>

Seactiv Complex: the power behind Fertileader There is a great deal of time, thought, and... View Article

Seactiv Complex: the power behind Fertileader

There is a great deal of time, thought, and planning that goes into creating a solid nutritional program for our crops. When we consider the importance small amounts of micronutrients play in crop productivity, it’s clear that ensuring micronutrients are readily available and easily assimilated into the plant is essential to maximizing nutrient and crop performance.

Combining a biostimulant will protect micronutrients, support nutrient uptake, and mitigate abiotic stress. These are key factors in maximizing nutrient and crop performance. The Seactiv® Complex is formulated to support these key factors and more.

Seactiv Complex

Seactiv Complex

The patented Seactiv Complex is found on Timac Agro USA’s Fertileader series. Seactiv’s proprietary formulation of amino acid complex makes it a great protector of micronutrients and ensures foliar-applied micronutrients are easily taken into the plant. Of the various chelations utilized in the agricultural industry, it is the amino acid chelation that plants prefer, as the plants will utilize both the micronutrient and the amino acid to increase productivity.

Seactiv is high in the IPA molecule which is derived from plant extract sources. IPA very effectively supports nutrient translocation throughout the plant. This benefit is a key part of driving nutrient demand and increasing uptake, additionally helping plants move nutrients to where they are needed the most as plants transition through various physiological growth stages, especially pollination and early grain/fruit development periods. The net result of these beneficial effects include greater nutrient content, improved size and improved quality of grains and fruits. IPA also supports cytokinin activity in the plant. Cytokinin’s role in photosynthesis is especially amplified by the IPA molecule, which increases available photosynthates or sugars for plants to utilize and produce greater yields with a greater content of sugars (brix) and starches in the harvestable grains and fruits.

One final component found in Fertileader which is especially important in high abiotic stressful growing seasons, is the glycine betaine. The glycine betaine aids the crop in mitigating and managing abiotic stress. Excessive stress induces an over production of the stress hormone called ethylene. As ethylene levels rise in plants, the productivity can and typically does drastically decline. Seactiv complex proprietary technology is formulated to help plants survive and thrive through these difficult growing conditions while maintaining top yield potential.

Fertileader’s plant benefits support nutrient uptake and translocation, increase photosynthate production and mitigate abiotic stress, all leading to improvements in yield, quality, and ultimately the growers’ bottom line.

Fertileader contains the Seactiv Complex

Author: Robert Jarek – Product Manager

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01.05

Fertigation with KSC: High-Performance Production >>

Fertigation with KSC: High-Performance Production  Timac Agro offers a range of KSC water-soluble technologies with... View Article

Fertigation with KSC: High-Performance Production 

Timac Agro offers a range of KSC water-soluble technologies with macro and micronutrients capable of benefitting plants in all stages of production.

Agricultural crops face many challenges on their way to producing both a high yield and high-quality crop. While it is easier to just focus on managing the nutrient demands at different growth stages, there are many factors that play a role in obtaining the right crop nutrition balance. In addition to the above-ground growth and environment, healthy soil dynamics play a huge role in a crop’s success.

Characteristics of the soil rhizosphere such as pH, soil structure, electrical conductivity and salt content can positively or negatively impact the ability of the crop to obtain the necessary nutrition. We often resort to targeted nutrition application based on the physiological phase that the crop is in. However, we can improve on the overall productivity if we know and work at addressing the other factors such as water quality, plant uptake and soil make-up. By addressing these issues as well as targeting the correct nutritional management demanded by the crop, we create a more balanced and efficient approach to successful crop nutrition.

KSC Nutrient Uptake Graphs

Water-soluble fertilizers, commonly used in fertigation are composed of highly dissociable simple salts which in solution split into corresponding cations and anions. These generate a specific increase in EC (electrical conductivity), a fundamental measure for the correct management of fertigation according to which the greater the quantity of ions found in the nutrient solution, the greater the electricity conducted by that nutrient solution (increase in EC). Typically speaking, more water-soluble fertilizer melted into solution means higher ECs.

An increase in the osmotic pressure when fertilizer is added to the solution is generated leading to challenges for water-nutrient absorption for the root system of the crop. Based on this premise, Timac Agro has formulated our KSC® range – a line of water-soluble fertilizers with very high solubility, low salt content and technology to help increase water-nutrient absorption within the rhizosphere.

KSC® is powered by our patented Phytactyl technology which guarantees maximum efficiency and a reduced impact on the soil typical of standard water-soluble fertilizers. Phytactyl complexes the mineral salts (nutrients) within the formula, leaving the pH value of the soil and the EC of the water-fertilizer solution unchanged. This leads to a higher availability and uptake of the nutritional elements for the plant.

KSC EC Graphs

Even in soil conditions characterized by high salinity and/or pH, the Phytactyl technology works to:

  • improve nutrient absorption
  • increase the plant’s efficient use of water
  • balance the distribution of nutrients between fruits and leaves

From the very early stages, the products in the KSC range help

  • overcome the post-transplant establishment
  • increase healthy vegetative development
  • improve flowering/fruit set and fruit fill

These outcomes are obtained by the Phytactyl technology’s impact on maintaining absorbent root hairs and improving the chemistry of the soil rhizosphere.

KSC Formulations Available

KSC Formulations

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This post is based on an original article from Timac Agro Italy.

12.04

Timac Agro USA Adds Two New Products to the Tima-line

Timac Agro USA Adds Two New Products to the Tima-line Timac Agro USA expanded its... View Article

Timac Agro USA Adds Two New Products to the Tima-line

Timac Agro USA expanded its specialty liquid fertilizer range with two new formulations: TimaUp and TiMn.

The Tima-line was officially launched with TimaCal in 2018, and the success in apples, peaches and vegetables lead our development team to extend the offering. All products are designed with plant extract technology researched by our Center for Research and Development.  The plant extract and nutrition was developed to increase nutrient use efficiency and improve yield. The formulations were designed for their compatibility, flexibility of use and efficacy on a broad range of crops.

National Product Manager Alexander Duffy explains: “At Timac Agro we are dedicated to providing the best solution for improved nutrient uptake, reducing in yield limiting nutrients and maximizing yield. The two new products will round out our offering and allow for broader solutions into the row crop markets. The micronutrient packages were developed by looking at all our soil and tissue tests and listening to our customer needs. We look forward to continuing to build our technology into solutions designed to support our growers.”

TiMn is a proprietary liquid Nitrogen, Sulfur and Manganese formulation, designed from an acidified, nonvolatile form of urea-sulfate-nitrogen and the patented Adur® Complex. Mn is critical to the photosynthetic pathway and can be tied up by glyphosate. The Adur Complex is a precision plant extract that reduces plant stress and aides in plant establishment.

TimaUp is designed to “Team-Up” with any tank mix and was formulated for combability, flexibility and use across many crops. It provides Zn, B, Mn, S, Cu, Mo and the patented IPA plant extract to help ensure increased nutrient use efficiency and maximize yield potential.

TimaCal, the original Tima-line product, is formulated with the Adur® Complex, which is comprised of precision plant extracts and Calcium. This product aids the production of fruits and vegetables and provides a solution for Calcium deficiencies. The TimaCal formulation contains 10.7% Calcium.

Tima-line formulations

11.04

Timac Agro USA Presents Soil Conditioner Humiflore

Timac Agro USA Presents Soil Conditioner Humiflore Timac Agro USA  is excited to announce a... View Article

Timac Agro USA Presents Soil Conditioner Humiflore

Timac Agro USA  is excited to announce a new granular OMRI-listed organic soil conditioner: Humiflore. The new product is rooted in Timac Agro’s Calcimer, a marine source of calcium carbonate. Humiflore’s calcium is much more soluble and plant available than conventional lime and gypsum because of its highly porous honeycomb structure. It also provides great microbial activity inside the honeycomb structure, increasing nutrient release as a result.

Limestone x Calcimer

The Pheoflore complex, a micro alga that is high in complex polysaccharides, auxins and cytokinin is granulated into the product. This improves root growth and improves nutrient uptake. Utilizing both technologies in high calcium demand crops like apples, potatoes, and fruiting vegetable is a great strategy to maximize both yield and quality.

Humiflore is an organic version of Timac Agro’s popular solution Humistart, which it will replace. It is proven to increase microbial activity, provide labile calcium, and improve breakdown of compost, manure, and/or stubble into plant-available nutrients. As a homogeneous granule, it supplies several key nutrients, such as calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. The patented Pheoflore algae extract stimulates soil microbes and increases soil health.

National Product Manager, Alexander Duffy explains the journey from laboratory to market. “Our previous product, Humistart, has grown quite a following over the last 20 years. Our Research and Development team has been working on the updated agal extract for the last 5 years and we are really excited to take the new solution to the field and demonstrate the improvement in efficacy of this soil conditioner.”

Humiflore works well on manured or composted fields. It is a good soil conditioner option for orchards, vineyards, vegetables, and fruits. It can be used alone or blended with other granular fertilizers. Humiflore is available in 50 lb. bags and 1,333 lb. super sacks.

The Pheoflore Complex

A complex of seaweed extracts containing amino-purines, carbohydrates, and other bioactive compounds. These directly stimulate soil microbes to increase organic matter breakdown and nutrient bioavailability.

Its key benefits include:

  • Calcimer to provide labile calcium that helps improve soil structure and feeds the crop
  • The ability to deliver key forms of nutrition such as calcium, magnesium, and sulfur
  • The stimulation of soil microbes and increased soil health to improve nutrient bioavailability

04.04

Download the Duo Maxx Research Book>>

Duo Maxx Research Book Duo Maxx protects your fertilizer investment. The technology is proven to... View Article

Duo Maxx Research Book

Duo Maxx protects your fertilizer investment. The technology is proven to slow Nitrogen transformation, decrease N and P runoff losses, and improve nutrient uptake. All that, leads to higher yield and greater ROI. And here we have more than 20 field trials conducted between 2019 and 2020 to prove it.

DOWNLOAD THE RESEARCH BOOK

31.03

Timac Agro Technologies Selected for Phase 2 of the EEFs Challenge >>

Timac Agro Technologies Selected for Phase 2 of the EEFs Challenge We are proud to... View Article

Timac Agro Technologies Selected for Phase 2 of the EEFs Challenge

We are proud to announce that the two Timac Agro technologies submitted to the Enhanced Efficiency Fertilizers (EEFs): Environmental and Agronomic Challenge were among the 16 solutions selected to move forward to Phase Two of the competition. In the next stage, Duo Maxx and Top-Phos® will go through greenhouse trials conducted by the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), in Alabama. The products’ claims will be evaluated based on environmental, agronomic, and economic performance factors.

Launched by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in partnership with the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the EEFs: Environmental and Agronomic Challenge is in its first edition and aims to identify existing EEFs currently on or near-market that meet or exceed certain environmental and agro-economic criteria. Along with EPA and USDA, the competition is hosted in collaboration with The Fertilizer Institute (TFI), the International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), The Nature Conservancy (TNC), and the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA).

Access the TFI press release for more information on the challenge.

To learn more about our innovation efforts, click here.

31.03

Duo Maxx Proven to Slow Nitrogen Transformation >>

Duo Maxx Proven to Slow Nitrogen Transformation With the increase in fertilizer prices we have... View Article

Duo Maxx Proven to Slow Nitrogen Transformation

With the increase in fertilizer prices we have seen over the past 12 months, it is essential growers protect their 2021 investments. Adding a stabilizer to a dry or liquid fertilizer will help ensure farmers’ nitrogen investment will not go down the drain.

Our Duo Maxx technology is intended for treatment of incorporated liquid and granular fertilizer blends with N but can also be used on surface-applied P and K. It is a combination of our patented phenolic binding compound, MPPA, nitrogen stabilizer, and our patented Duo Complex. It also contains the LCN Complex, which is a combination of NBPT, DCD and our Rhizovit plant extract, designed to slow nitrogen transformation.

Duo Maxx

See below the latest laboratory test results of the effect of Duo Maxx on preventing ammonia volatilization, N leaching, and runoff.

Effect of Duo Maxx on Ammonia Volatilization

Duo Maxx Ammonia Volatilization

Effects of Duo Maxx on Ammonia volatilization on different soil types. (CMI, 2018)

 

Effect of Duo Maxx on Nitrogen Runoff Events

Duo Maxx Nitrogen Runoff

Results of N runoff study comparing no fertilizer (untreated), DAP and Duo Maxx with DAP under laboratory conditions. The numbers on the x-axis represent two simulated rain events of 2L/min for 3 minutes in an automatic spray cabinet. (CMI, 2020)

Effect of Duo Maxx on Nitrogen Leaching

Duo Maxx Nitrogen Leaching

Effect of Duo Maxx on N leaching at various times following urea application. A lysimeter was placed under a capture basin in order to quantify amounts of N found in the leachates from the solution. (CMI, 2018)

 

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DOWNLOAD THE LATEST DUO MAXX RESEARCH BOOK

22.03

Early Establishment and Stand Critical for Setting up Strong Yields >>

How to promote stand count and establishment in less than “ideal” conditions As the race... View Article

How to promote stand count and establishment in less than “ideal” conditions

As the race begins to get the crop in the ground, it seems that planning and preparation for planting take place a little bit earlier every year. University research supports that there are clear yield benefits for getting the seed in the ground as early as possible. However, environmental challenges seem to have squeezed the “ideal” planting window over the last few years. Tough environmental conditions can result in poor stands, low root growth, and nutrients tied up in cold soils, and other factors that can negatively impact yield.

“Achieving uniform germination can also be a challenge as we push planting dates earlier and localized weather has the potential to be cooler. For germination to occur the seed needs water. With warmer temperatures less water must be absorbed, therefore germination will start earlier and progress faster at higher temperatures. The first structure to emerge from the seed is usually the radicle (root) followed by the shoot. Growth of these structures effectively ceases at temperatures of below 48 F and above 104 F. Corn usually emerges in 8 to 10 days when soil temperatures average 60 to 64 F. It takes corn longer to emerge when soil temperatures are cooler (18-20 days at 50 to 55 F). Emergence has been known to occur in as little as 4 to 5 days when soil temperature and moisture are ideal”, explains Alexander Duffy, Timac Agro USA National Product Manager.

Address early season fertility and abiotic stresses with the Fertiactyl Series to ensure stand count and early establishment

 Timac Agro USA specializes in the creation of high-efficiency fertilizer technologies. With over 60 years of research and development and its Global Innovation Center (CMI Roullier), the company is uniquely positioned to solve real world problems. For issues such as the described above, Alexander Duffy introduces the Fertiactyl technology platform. “Fertiactyl seeks to work with both the soil and the plant to address early season fertility and abiotic stresses. It combines the GZA complex with common nutrients to help with abiotic stresses, i.e. cold soils, to improve stand and increase early-season root growth.”

Effects of Fertiactyl in Stand Count and Root Length

In a study conducted on corn by Mississippi State University, Fertiactyl ST (a seed treatment, 1.5 oz/100lbs seed) and Fertiactyl GZ (Liquid Nutritional, 1.5 pts/ac at V3) where used alone as well as together to analyze their impact on corn growth, development, and yield compared to an Untreated Control.

By using intensive measurements of corn growth and yield, several findings support the use of these products in corn production. It was confirmed that early plant vigor, root growth, and stand were improved with the use of Fertiactyl ST up to 45 days after planting. By 90 days after planting, treatments with ST and GZ application showed the best improvements in ear length, ear diameter, and stalk diameter.

The growing conditions for 2018 were favorable for good dryland corn yields, with a period of dry weather around V5 followed by several events of excessive rains. Fertiactyl ST provided a better foundation at planting and in the early growth stages that provided synergy with the foliar Fertiactyl treatment.

Fertiactyl effect on stand and establishment results in higher yield

Early intervention with the right technology, either as a seed treatment (Fertiactyl ST) or early vegetative foliar spray (Fertiactyl GZ @ V3) had big impacts on yields. Whether conditions are “ideal” or not, planning to overcome potential environmental challenges with technology can result in higher yields and better ROI.

Setting up for stand and crop success in 2021

Take advantage of the current ag optimism and the rising commodity prices to try our full programs and our patented technologies to reach greater results with your customers.

Volume discounts for the Fertiactyl series are available for bulk orders.

CLICK HERE TO TALK TO A TIMAC AGRO EXPERT

Learn more about the Fertiactyl series